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, Icelandic volcano subsiding after first eruption in 900 years, Docuneedsph
, Icelandic volcano subsiding after first eruption in 900 years, Docuneedsph


This, March 20, 2021, picture taken by the Icelandic Coast Guard exhibits the lava flowing from the erupting Fagradalsfjall volcano some 40 km west of the Icelandic capital Reykjavik, on March 20, 2021. – A volcano erupted in Iceland on Friday some 40 kilometres (25 miles) from the capital Reykjavik, the Icelandic Meteorological Workplace mentioned, as a crimson cloud lit up the evening sky and a no-fly zone was established within the space. (Photograph by Icelandic Coast Guard / AFP)

by Jeremie RICHARD

GRINDAVIK, Iceland (AFP) — A volcano that spewed glowing crimson lava close to Iceland’s capital Reykjavik after awakening for the primary time in 900 years gave the impression to be subsiding on Saturday, posing no hazard to individuals, specialists mentioned.

Streams of crimson lava bubbled and flowed out of a fissure in a valley in Geldingadalur, near Mount Fagradalsfjall on the Reykjanes peninsula in southwestern Iceland.

Because the lava stream slowed below rain showers on Saturday, a blue gasoline plume and a vapour cloud rose from the positioning, simply 40 kilometres (25 miles) from the capital and close to a well-liked vacationer vacation spot, the Blue Lagoon geothermal spa.

The eruption occurred on Friday round 2045 GMT, lighting up the evening sky with a crimson glow as lots of of small earthquakes shook the world.

Whereas Iceland’s Keflavik Worldwide Airport and the small fishing port of Grindavik are only a few kilometres away, the zone is uninhabited and the eruption didn’t current any hazard to the general public.

“The eruption is taken into account small at this stage and the volcanic exercise has considerably decreased since yesterday night,” the Icelandic Meteorological Workplace (IMO), which screens seismic exercise, mentioned in a press release on Saturday.

It mentioned the “eruptive fissure” measured roughly 500 to 700 metres (1,640 to 2,300 toes).

The lava space, it added, was lower than one sq. kilometre (0.4 sq. mile), with small lava fountains.

Chatting with reporters, College of Iceland geophysicist Magnus Tumi Gudmundsson described the valley as an “supreme” spot for the eruption, likening it to “a tub the lava can slowly leak into.”

IMO earthquake hazards coordinator Kristin Jonsdottir in the meantime mentioned it was “very probably the eruption will final for the following few days”.

Friday’s eruption occurred within the Krysuvik volcanic system, which doesn’t have a central volcano, about 5 kilometres inland from the southern coast.

Sigurdur Kristmundsson, a 54-year-old Grindavik port official, advised AFP that locals have been exhilarated by the eruption.

“No person is at risk or something like that. So I feel individuals are excited and never afraid of it.”

Dormant for 900 years 

Entry to the world was initially blocked off however later opened to the general public, although Iceland’s Division of Civil Safety and Emergency Administration burdened the several-hour hike from the closest highway was solely really useful for these “used to being outdoor in troublesome circumstances.”

Gases from a volcanic eruption — particularly sulphur dioxide — might be elevated within the speedy neighborhood, and will pose a hazard to well being and even be deadly.

Gasoline air pollution will also be carried by the wind.

“At the moment gasoline air pollution shouldn’t be anticipated to trigger a lot discomfort for individuals besides shut as much as the supply of the eruption. The gasoline emissions shall be monitored carefully,” the IMO mentioned.

The Krysuvik system has been inactive for the previous 900 years, in keeping with the IMO, whereas the final eruption on the Reykjanes peninsula dates again nearly 800 years and lasted about 30 years, from 1210 to 1240.

However the area had been below elevated surveillance for a number of weeks after a 5.7-magnitude earthquake was registered on February 24 close to Mount Keilir on the outskirts of Reykjavik.

Since then greater than 50,000 smaller tremors had been registered, and magma was detected only one kilometre below the Earth’s floor in latest days close to Fagradalsfjall.

Geophysicist Gudmundsson mentioned the eruption signalled a brand new interval “which can final centuries with eruptions, presumably 10 years to 100 years aside.”

Land of fireplace and ice 

Iceland has 32 volcanic techniques at the moment thought of energetic, the best quantity in Europe. The nation has had an eruption each 5 years on common.

The huge island close to the Arctic Circle straddles the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, a crack on the ocean ground separating the Eurasian and North American tectonic plates.

The shifting of those plates is partially chargeable for Iceland’s intense volcanic exercise.

The newest eruption was at Holuhraun, starting in August 2014 and ending in February 2015, within the Bardarbunga volcanic system in an uninhabited space within the centre of the island.

That eruption didn’t trigger any main disruptions outdoors the speedy neighborhood.

However in 2010, an eruption on the Eyjafjallajokull volcano despatched enormous clouds of smoke and ash into the ambiance, disrupting air site visitors for greater than every week and cancelling greater than 100,000 flights worldwide, which left some 10 million passengers stranded.

© Agence France-Presse

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